Washington County, Indiana was named in honor of U.S. President George Washington. Washington County is the 7th largest county in Indiana at 514 square miles.
As early as 1802, a man named Frederick Royce lived among the Ox Indians at a place known as the Lick, two miles east of Salem and is probably the first white man to inhabit this county. He was a hunter-trader and salt manufacturer. In 1803, Thomas Hopper was the first to settle in this county near Hardinsburg. Washington County, located in Southern Indiana was formed in 1814 and named in honor of U. S. President George, Washington and is the 7th largest county in Indiana at 516 square miles. Just 45 minutes away from French Lick, Indiana and Louisville, Kentucky.
Washington County and the surrounding areas offer a great variety of activities year-round! Whether it’s Christmas time at the county courthouse, gorgeous fall scenery along a beautiful lake, a spring hunt for mushrooms, or a summer festival, Washington County is a great place for all seasons. There are lots of things to do and see in and around Washington County, and we love being your host!
- Jackson County (north)
- Scott County (northeast)
- Clark County (southeast)
- Floyd County (south-southeast)
- Harrison County (south)
- Orange County (west)
- Lawrence County (northwest)
Washington is one of only four counties in Indiana that borders eight others.
Location: South side of Washington County Courthouse, Salem. (Washington County, Indiana)
TEXT: "At this point Gen. John Hunt Morgan routed poorly armed militia and occupied Salem - July 10, 1863. The town was looted and $1, 000 ransom exacted from each mill owner."
Location: SR 135 at Brock Creek Bridge, SW corner, 0.5 mile north of Salem. (Washington County, Indiana)
TEXT: "Located 40 rods west of this spot. Est. before 1812. Salem's early settlers are buried here including Brocks, Kemps, Hendersons; also John Zink, a ranger with Col. Dawalt, fatally wounded by Indians after the Pigeon Roost Massacre."
Location: NE corner of SR 135 & Lick Skillet Road, 8 miles north of Salem. (Washington County, Indiana)
TEXT: "Nearby is the boundary of the Illinoian Glacier, which covered all but approximately 6, 250 square miles in south, central area of Indiana. Most of Indiana's topography was affected by four separate glacial advancements during Pleistocene epoch, circa one million years ago."
WASHINGTON COUNTY COURTHOUSE / SALEM DOWNTOWN HISTORICAL DISTRICT
Location: North side of Washington County Courthouse, Salem. (Washington County, Indiana)
TEXT SIDE ONE:
"County formed 1814 by General Assembly of Indiana Territory. Commissioners selected county seat and named it Salem. This third courthouse completed 1888 using locally quarried limestone. Designed in Richardsonian Romanesque Style by Harry P. McDonald, Louisville. Listed in National Register of Historic Places, 1980."
"Town platted 1814; historic district area includes original plat. Continues as geographical, governmental, business, and social center of county. Nineteenth and early twentieth century commercial buildings-in Italianate, Gothic, and Classical styles-surround public square. Listed in National Register of Historic Places 1997."
SKIRMISH NEAR PEKIN
Location: near 5751 East Greenbriar Road West, Pekin. (Washington County, Indiana)
TEXT SIDE ONE:
"On July 8, 1863, Confederate General John Hunt Morgan and his men crossed the Ohio River at Brandenburg, Kentucky and entered Indiana. As a diversion on July 11, Confederate Captain William J. Davis and his troops crossed the Ohio River at Twelve Mile Island, Kentucky and were attacked. Davis and part of his force escaped into Indiana. "
"Heading to Salem on July 11, Davis and some of his men were captured near Pekin by 73rd Indiana Volunteers and a detachment of the 5th U.S. Regulars. Davis and several other soldiers were taken to New Albany and secured in the county jail. On July 13, Morgan's Indiana raid ended as he rode east out of Harrison on the Indiana-Ohio state border."
JOHN HAY CENTER
Location: On east Market Street, a couple of blocks east of the Court House in Salem (Washington County Indiana)
TEXT: "John Hay Center Historical Society organized 1897. Headquarters and genealogical Library in Museum Building.
Birthplace of John Hay built in 1824 as a school. John Hay, Secretary to Pres. Lincoln and Secretary of State for Presidents McKinley and T. Roosevelt was born here on Oct. 8, 1838. Stevens Memorial Museum – Built in 1970 as a Memorial to preserve the heritage in our community."
FREDERICK ROYSE 1750-1825...
Located at Horners Chapel on Horners Chapel Road, a couple of miles north of highway 150.
EARLY QUAKER MEETING HOUSE...
Located at old Quaker Church on Quaker road, just north of highway 56, a couple of miles east of Salem.
GENERAL JOHN MORGAN...
Located on Blueriver Road 1.5 miles from highway 60 at National City Bank in Pekin.
PEKIN'S FOURTH OF JULY CELEBRATIONS...
Located on highway 60 across from National City Bank.
TEXT: " In honor of Pekin, Indiana, a town reported to have held Fourth of July celebrations regularly since the 1830’s. Each July 4 citizens gather in Pekin to remember the birth of their nation and to pay tribute to the sacrifices made by their ancestors for the cause of American Independence."
Below are links to websites and contact information that may be of interest to you when planning a trip to beautiful Washington County Indiana.
- AMERICAN LEGION - SALEM 812-883-2671
- LIONS CLUB - SALEM 812-883-4693 WEB: WWW.SALEMIN.LIONWAP.ORG
- MASONIC LODGE - SALEM 812-883-2839
- MOOSE LODGE - SALEM 812-883-9684
- ST. VINCENT'S SALEM HOSPITAL 812-883-5881 WEB: WWW.STVINCENT.ORG
- ST. VINCENT'S PHYSICIAN NETWORK - CAMPBELLSBURG 812-755-6900
- ST. VINCENT'S PHYSICIAN NETWORK - PEKIN 812-967-6900
- PUBLIC LIBRARY - SALEM 812-883-5600
- WASHINGTON COUNTY HISTORICAL SOCIETY 812-883-6495
- YMCA - SALEM 812-883-8495 WEB: WWW.WCFYMCA.ORG
- LEADER PUBLISHING 812-883-1760 WEB: WWW.SALEMLEADER.COM
- GREEN BANNER PUBLICATIONS 812-967-3176 WEB: WWW.GBPNEWS.COM
- WASHINGTON COUNTY CHAMBER OF COMMERCE - 812-883-4303; WEB: WWW.WASHINGTONCOUNTYCHAMBER.ORG
- SOUTHERN INDIANA LIVING - http://silivingmag.epubxp.com/i/268060/3